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90210-infobox-light

A sample infobox

Infoboxes are like fact sheets or sidebars in magazine articles; designed to present a summary of the topic of the page. They present important points in an organized and quickly readable format. Infoboxes are generally made using templates, to create consistency across a community.

FANDOM has developed a new way to code infoboxes, called portable infoboxes to enable them to display well across different devices, which this page details. There are no changes to how you use an infobox on an article — instead, the changes affect how it is written on a template page. A tool to help with the migration of existing infoboxes has also been created. More information about this can be found on Help:Infobox migration.

Useful links


How to add an infobox to an article Edit

VE-portableinfobox

Inserting portable infoboxes in the VisualEditor

You can add an infobox to an article the same way as you would any other template, either via the editor's built-in tools, or through the editor's source mode. In the VisualEditor, portable infoboxes can quickly be inserted via the Infobox option on the 'Insert' dropdown.

Meanwhile, in source mode, you would generally start by copying the syntax from the template's documentation (normally found towards the bottom of the template's page) and pasting it into an article, changing the words after the equals signs to provide the desired information. For example:

{{infobox character
 | title         = Daisy
 | image         = Example.jpg
 | imagecaption  = Daisy, blowing in the wind
 | position      = Supreme flower
 | age           = 2 months
 | status        = Active
 | height        = 5 inches
 | weight        = 20 grams
}}

With portable infoboxes, this works just the same as with any other template. However, the template page markup is a little different, as detailed below.

How to create an infobox Edit

Tutorialinfobox

Winter is coming...

First, start a new template with any name you like. To do this, create a new page with the title "Template:[name of your choice]" (e.g. Template:Example). While in the past you may have used tables and divs, we now use infobox tags. We'll begin with a basic 'stacked' infobox, with a title and an image:

<infobox layout="stacked">
  <title source="name"><default>{{PAGENAME}}</default></title>
  <image source="image" />
</infobox>

This wikitext will tell your template to use name and image variables for title and image elements. Additionally you can provide the default tag, whose value will be used when a user does not specify a name/image/etc. on the article.

Now we just need two more fields containing additional information, so let's add one:

<data source="season"><label>Season(s)</label></data>

After adding one last field with source set to first and label to First seen, we end up with the following:

<infobox layout="stacked">
  <title source="name"><default>{{PAGENAME}}</default></title>
  <image source="image" />
  <data source="season"><label>Season(s)</label></data>
  <data source="first"><label>First seen</label></data>
</infobox>

We can now use the template in an article, inserting the following parameters to get a working infobox:

{{Example
 |name   = Eddard Stark
 |image  = eddard.jpg
 |season = [[Season 1|1]]
 |first  = "[[Winter is Coming]]"
}}

Hiding values Edit

Any field or element without a value will automatically be hidden. This applies to all tags with the exception of groups that are forcibly shown (see #Force all group elements to be displayed). When all elements are empty the infobox itself will not appear.

How to alter the infobox layout Edit

Infoboxes using this kind of code are automatically styled, taking cues from your community's custom theme. If any of the variables are empty, the relevant row of the template will not be displayed (unless the 'default' tag has been used).

Layout options Edit

Two alternative layout options are available for infoboxes:

Default (table) layout Stacked layout
Labels are displayed to the left of the values Labels are displayed above the values
<infobox>
   ...
</infobox>
<infobox layout="stacked">
   ...
</infobox>
Screen Shot 2015-06-16 at 12.12.17

Default (table) layout

Screen Shot 2015-06-16 at 12.10.54

"Stacked" layout

Custom theming Edit

The default infobox theming can be overridden in two ways. There is a variable on your community's Special:WikiFeatures page entitled Europa Infobox Theme. When you enable it, your infoboxes will pull the colors you chose for your Wiki Navigation.

Your other option is to use local community CSS. Using the theme or theme-source attributes on the infobox tag will make it easy to target specific infobox templates using classes.

  • The theme attribute is used to specify a custom CSS class for the infobox template.
  • The theme-source attribute allows you to vary the CSS class via a template parameter.

For lots more information about how to use these attributes and theme an infobox, including detailed guides, please check out Help:Infoboxes/CSS, or find example styles and themes on the Portability Hub.

Accent colors Edit

The colors of title and header backgrounds and text can be further repainted per-infobox by using the accent color feature. Like theme-source, the color used is the value of the template parameter indicated in accent-color-source (for backgrounds) and accent-color-text-source (for text).

As an example: if the infobox template declares accent-color-source="bkg" and the article's infobox declares bkg = #FFF, the background color of the headers and titles will be #FFF (the HEX value for the white color). The colors declared in this way must be in #FFF or #FFFFFF HEX format, or the recoloring will silently fail.

Accent colors will override colors declared using themes as well as defaults.

This also includes a parameter for default color, so using accent-color-default="#FFF" sets the color for all titles and headers backgrounds, and accent-color-text-default="#000000" works in a similar manner by setting the default text color using hex formats.

How to use multiple images or videos Edit

Infoboxtabs

Tabbed images

To use multiple images in one location in an infobox, you can simply pass a <gallery> tag.

{{Example
 |name   = Eddard Stark
 |image  = <gallery>
Eddard 1.jpg|Eddard on a horse
Eddard 2.jpg|Eddard in a house
Eddard 3.jpg|Eddard by a hearse
</gallery>
}}

For more information about this feature, see this thread.

To add a video into an infobox, simply use the <image> tag, just as you would with an image. When a video is inserted instead of an image, a thumbnail with a play icon and duration info will be shown in the infobox, and clicking on the video will pop up a video player. If you want to add multiple videos, add a new <image> tag per each video.

How to group data Edit

Advancedinfobox

Unusual orders and groups in action

Now that you have created a simple infobox, you can learn how to use more advanced options. In the section below we show how to build the infobox seen on the right.

This infobox begins with three <data> fields, then single <title> and <image> fields. As you can see, the <title> field does not have to be the first field.

<infobox layout="stacked">
  <data source="prev"><label>Previous</label></data>
  <data source="conc"><label>Concurrent</label></data>
  <data source="next"><label>Next</label></data>
  <title source="name" />
  <image source="image" />
</infobox>
 

Grouping information inside the group tags Edit

The <group> field will let you group fields together and give them a header. Remember: fields that are declared but don't have a value won't appear. This rule also applies to groups. If none of the fields (other than the header tag) inside a group have a value, that whole group won't show up.

<infobox layout="stacked">
  <data source="prev"><label>Previous</label></data>
  <data source="conc"><label>Concurrent</label></data>
  <data source="next"><label>Next</label></data>
  <title source="name" />
  <image source="image" />
  <group>
    <header>Details</header>
    <data source="conflict"><label>Conflict</label></data>
    <data source="date"><label>Date</label></data>
    <data source="place"><label>Place</label></data>
    <data source="result"><label>Outcome</label></data>
  </group>
</infobox>
 

Horizontal layout for groups Edit

Screen Shot 2015-06-16 at 13.27.08

Horizontal grouping

Instead of a vertical list, <group> fields can have a horizontal layout where all the content is displayed next to each other in single line. This can be achieved by adding layout="horizontal" attribute to the group tag.

<group layout="horizontal">
   ...
</group>
 

Smart layout for groups Edit

Similar to horizontal layout (which provides rigid, structured rows) is "smart" layout. This allows data fields to flow in a single group from one row to the next. When the number of fields reaches a defined limit, the next data field will appear on a new row. The items in a row will adjust to fill all available width.

To use smart groups, add row-items="3" (or some other number that sets the limit). All items in a smart group use horizontal layout by default, so it is not necessary to add that attribute if you are using smart groups. However, it is possible to mix horizontal and vertical data fields in a smart group by adding the layout="default" attribute to an individual <data> tag.

To make a given data field take up more than a single space, use the span="2" attribute in a <data> tag.

<infobox>
  <title source="name" />
  <image source="image" />
  <group row-items="3">
    <header>Details</header>
    <data source="conflict"><label>Conflict</label></data>
    <data source="date"><label>Date</label></data>
    <data source="place"><label>Place</label></data>
    <data source="result" layout="default"><label>Outcome</label></data>
  </group>
</infobox>
 

Force all group elements to be displayed Edit

Using show="incomplete", you can force all group elements to be displayed, even when empty, unless all are empty — then the group is not rendered at all.

<group layout="horizontal" show="incomplete">
  <header>Combatants</header>
  <data source="side1" />
  <data source="side2" />
</group>

Now adding all this together, we come to the final template code:

<infobox layout="stacked">
  <data source="prev"><label>Previous</label></data>
  <data source="conc"><label>Concurrent</label></data>
  <data source="next"><label>Next</label></data>
  <title source="name" />
  <image source="image" />
  <group>
    <header>Details</header>
    <data source="conflict"><label>Conflict</label></data>
    <data source="date"><label>Date</label></data>
    <data source="place"><label>Place</label></data>
    <data source="result"><label>Outcome</label></data>
  </group>
  <group layout="horizontal" show="incomplete">
    <header>Combatants</header>
    <data source="side1" />
    <data source="side2" />
  </group>
  <group layout="horizontal" show="incomplete">
    <header>Commanders</header>
    <data source="commanders1" />
    <data source="commanders2" />
  </group>
  <group layout="horizontal" show="incomplete">
    <header>Strength</header>
    <data source="forces1" />
    <data source="forces2" />
  </group>
  <group layout="horizontal" show="incomplete">
    <header>Casualties</header>
    <data source="casual1" />
    <data source="casual2" />
  </group>
  <data source="civilian"><label>Civilian casualties</label></data>
</infobox>

Now we can use it in an article:

{{Battle
 |prev        = [[Battle of Fair Isle]]
 |conc        = [[Siege of Old Wyk]]
 |next        = [[Siege of Pyke]]
 |name        = [[Siege of Great Wyk]]
 |image       = Stannis Great Wyk.png
 |conflict    = [[Greyjoy Rebellion]]
 |date        = 289 AL
 |place       = [[Great Wyk]], the [[the Iron Islands]]
 |result      = [[Iron Throne]] victory
 |side1       = [[File:Greyjoy.png|20px|link=House Greyjoy]] [[House Greyjoy]]
 |side2       = [[File:Baratheon.png|20px|link=House Baratheon]] [[Iron Throne]]
 |commanders1 = Unknown
 |commanders2 = Lord [[Stannis Baratheon]]
 |casual1     = Unknown
 |casual2     = Unknown
}}
 

Collapsible groups Edit

PI-Collapse

Collapsible groups in action

Groups can be made collapsible by adding either collapse="open" or collapse="closed" to the <group> tag. This will make the group header row clickable (to expand and collapse the group), and the group will initially start open or closed, respectively.

<group collapse="closed">
  <header>Appearances</header>
  <data source="films" />
  <data source="comics" />
</group>

Note: A header row containing content must immediately follow the group tag for this to work.

Advanced options Edit

Formatting Edit

If you want to append some additional information to your data – like adding some icons, categories – or to process the passed values, the field formatting allows you to do that.

  • When the format tag is used, the variable provided in source= is then formatted or modified as specified inside the format tag. For this purpose, the parameter has to be provided in triple braces; e.g., {{{price}}} for source="price".
  • If the variable provided in source= is empty, the node renders the value as provided in the default tag (or doesn’t render if no default tag is specified). The contents of default is never available to parser functions; e.g., parameter {{{price}}} would remain empty. It can be thought of as meaning ‘default format’, not ‘default value’.

A few sample use cases:

  • Extra text: <format>${{{price}}}</format>
  • Links: <format>[[{{{location}}}]]</format>
  • Categories: <format>[[Category:{{{car type}}}]]</format>

For example, we can insert a {{money icon}} template:

<data source="price">
  <label>Price</label>
  <format>{{{price}}} {{money icon}}</format>
</data>

The effect shown to the right can be achieved with the following syntax:

Field mutators

Fields with formatting

<header>Price to buy</header>
<data source="buyhaggle">
  <label>Price with Haggling</label>
  <format>{{{buyh}}} {{money icon}}</format>
</data>
<data source="buy">
  <label>Undiscounted price</label>
  <format>{{{buy}}} {{money icon}}</format>
</data>
<data source="sell">
  <label>Price to sell</label>
  <format>{{{sell}}} {{money icon}}</format>
</data>
<data source="weight">
  <label>Weight</label>
  <format>{{{weight}}} {{weight icon}}</format>
</data>

Parser functions Edit

Parser functions can be added to any infobox. However, the results will be automatically hidden if the parameter, tag, or data source do not contain any text.

Template code Output
<data source="level">
  <label>Rank</label>
  <format>Orc {{#switch:{{{level}}}
         |1=peon
         |2=grunt
         |grunt
  }}</format>
  <default>Orc</default>
</data>

It would not make sense to test for the empty string in the switch statement; e.g., |=(unknown rank), because that is already covered by the default tag.

Examples Edit

Quick video tutorials on infobox basics Edit

Fandom University - Using Infobox Templates02:33

Fandom University - Using Infobox Templates

Fandom University - Customizing Infobox Templates03:12

Fandom University - Customizing Infobox Templates

Further help and feedback Edit