Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC)
Aristotle was born in 384 BC in Stagira, Chalcidice (now Greece). He studied under Plato after he turned eighteen. He went on to create his own school. He also took on philosophy while learning all important subjects.
He died of natural causes in 322 BC Euboea after making his student Antipater as the executor to his will.
Doctrine of the Mean
Aristotle's doctrine of the mean was one of his concepts towards ethics. Virtue is key to the doctrine of the mean. According to Aristotle, one uses their own rationality to determine virtue. Balancing excess or deficiency is what the doctrine of the mean is. This means people access virtue as its relative to them. Is there a point of doing too much or is there a point of doing too less? For example, if a person is sad. Can they be too sad? According to the doctrine of the mean, the sadness is relative to the person and as they perceive it.
Aristole argues that these ethics shouldn't be held to virtue but also in flourishing the human race.
Plaisance, Patrick Lee. Media Ethics: Key Principles for Responsible Practice. 2nd 14 ed. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.